Two Other I’s Of Intelligence

 Logic will get you from A to Z: imagination will get you everywhere.  Albert Einstein

It is through science that we prove, but through intuition that we discover.                           Henri Poincare

 The term IQ (Intelligent Quotient), is what we have used to define intelligence. Here are some definitions: IQ:the ratio of the mental age (as reported on a standardized test) to the chronological age multiplied by 100.  Intelligence: the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skill. Imagination: the ability of the mind to be creative or resourceful. Intuition: instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes). This blog is my opportunity to discuss my beliefs about intelligence testing.

 Notice that the definitions of intelligence don’t include terms like creative, resourceful, empathy, instinctive, self-awareness. Or imagination and intuition. The mental ability of humans includes: To understand and learn well, form judgements; acquire and apply knowledge and skill; to be creative and resourceful; instinctive knowing without the use of rational processes. Mental ability is much more than IQ.

Early in my career I was a school psychologist and individually tested the IQ of gifted students in the Palo Alto Unified School District. I have had a lot of professional experience with intelligence testing. In the two school districts where I was employed (Palo Alto and Bakersfield) I was Director of Testing. Later in my career I worked for the College Board (College Entrance Examination Board) and with the Educational Testing Service (ETS), who developed, published and scored the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). I later became an “anti-intelligence testing advocate”.

 Today we now have much more than IQ. We now have EQ, Emotional Intelligence, that includes self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and social skills. And we have creative intelligence, the ability to go beyond the existing to create novel and interesting ideas. And practical intelligence and analytical intelligence.

Testing all of these kinds of intelligence is difficult, if not impossible. Much of this is subjective. Written or verbal standardized tests don’t seem to me to capture human cognition: conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). We don’t yet fully understand human consciousness; maybe we don’t yet fully understand human intelligence.

All human knowledge thus begins with intuitions, proceeds thence to concepts,                   and ends with ideas.   Immanuel Kant


This entry was posted in Beliefs. Bookmark the permalink.


  1. EUGENE UNGER says:

    Amen. I think breakfast is on the horizon!👏👏I’ll let you know. G

    Sent from my iPhone


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.